Saturday, February 22, 2020
Cash Accounting - Essay Example You also have to satisfy the HP Revenue and Customs by clearing any VAT payment arrears to use the cash accounting scheme. When you start using the cash accounting scheme, it is must to use it for the whole business and it is desirable to continue it for a period of 2 years. However, you can quit the scheme at any moment, provided it does not contribute to your business as well as your accounting system does not support the necessary requirements for the scheme. While starting with cash accounting, you need to be very much careful that you do not re-account for any VAT on receipts and payments that are already dealt with. In cash accounting the main accounting record is kept in a cash book summarizing all the payments made and received. It has a separate column where you can specify the relevant VAT. In the cash book, you also need to record the corresponding tax invoices and provide an efficient system for cross referencing. The benefit of the cash accounting scheme primarily depends on the time period between the issuing of the sales invoice to receiving payments from the customers. Cash accounting is likely to be more beneficial when this time period extends.
Thursday, February 6, 2020
Media influence over people. How governments use media - Research Paper Example Many media sources opposed the U.S war in Vietnam because they saw it as a waste of time and resources. In addition, media held a sensitive attitude towards the war. Media had the authority to leave a long-lasting legacy memorable on the whole nation. For instance, such legacies were the scenes of the South Vietnamese police officer shooting the temple that had his hands held together behind his back. The media incarcerated huge audiences in every bit it could in that televisions captured helmeted cops associating with protesters in Grant Park and spread it across televisions nationally during the democratic convention of 1968. It is significant to note that media was biased in the sense that it failed to mention the increasing conformist trend among American youngsters in 1960s. Media was inclined to show American youths as peace volunteers, civil rights activists and pacifists which was not the case. How media portrayed the collapse of the wall of Berlin The portrayal of the media on the fall of the Berlin barrier was trivializing the wall event. Media manipulated the truth of the matter during the scene. For instance, when the Soviet Union started to totter, journalists claimed it was a verification that the risk of totalitarian communism had never been in existence, however that was no so as per the media claims. The leftistsÃ¢â¬â¢ journalisms attached the capitalists for exploiting the newly liberated workers after the Eastern Europe gained liberation. This was alleged by a Los Angeles reporter who claimed that communism was good in old days when the state could press personal freedom but ensure citizens were sheltered, employed and hunger free. Media never ceased to shower CubaÃ¢â¬â¢s communist authoritarianism with superior press even after the communists failed in Europe when it was really tough for Cubans. The same happened with the northern Korea where the CNN Ted Turner lamely defended the dictator Kim jing-liÃ¢â¬â¢s treatment on his citizens. People were malnourished, thin and starving yet Ted Turner claimed there were no scenes of any form of brutality. Taylor, F. (2006) states that the collapse of the Berlin fence was one of the most significant even in the history of the world since it led to the end of tyranny and human brutality. However, it is important to note that media could have done better than what it events did. For instance, it failed to bring this happening into a historical context. Portrayal of media on Tiananmen Square Tiananmen Square would always remain a political rally that turned into a bloody massacre as portrayed by the media. The scenes of brutal crackdowns in the Beijing square as china was the site of a pro-democracy student demonstration in1989; these events were aired and reported live in media all over the globe. The demonstration granted the media an opportunity for a telegenic foreign story that was easier for viewers to easily identify with. The government was so threatening that it stopped students from talking to the media. This was followed by an official news blackout and everything left in dilemma as reports were being threatened. Chinese citizens outside Beijing neither saw nor heard the true horror of the event, instead received official state versions that described the scenes as violent students demonstratorÃ¢â¬â¢s and angry dissidents attacking innocent government authorities. However, this was not the
Tuesday, January 28, 2020
Japanese course for teachers in Elementary Schools Essay What are the minimal Japanese language competencies for our team teachers working in Japanese Elementary schools? Through this question I hope to make explicit and test methods of data collection, diagnostic testing, and needs analysis; and determine if these methods transfer to another language. This data will be used as a basis for collecting authentic materials to prepare a Japanese for Specific Purposes language course. Setting We have 12 British Council teachers team teaching in 24 Japanese junior high schools and one elementary school This is a completely Japanese environment (e. g. dress, code of conduct, meetings are all done in Japanese). Primarily our teachers rely on our team teachers to translate important information such as scheduling, written messages, problems with the photocopier, dealing with disruptive students, etc. In the future we would like to expand into Tokyo elementary schools, however, the board of education has expressed reservations about our Japanese ability and that our British Council teachers need to be linguistically self reliant in the schools Objective. I would like to look at creating a series of Japanese language competencies similar to the CEF guidelines for our British Council teachers teaching in elementary schools such as: Ã¢â¬Å"I can read instructions on a photocopierÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"I can interact in a simple way dealing with a change of school scheduleÃ¢â¬ . By collecting feedback, writing competency guidelines and finally creating a diagnostic test, I hope to examine the methods of data collection and analysis that I have read about studying for this module. I would like to compare my journey from data collection to course objectives to similar cases of TESOL course design such as Johan Uvin when he designed workplace ESOL (Graves ed. , 1996). Furthermore I believe that by using native English speakers as the students, I can examine more closely what our needs are (without interference from the native language). Then I can compare it to data collection methods and needs analyses that we use for our TESOL students. I am considering this as a sub-aim (the differences and similarities of data collection from L1 to L2 informants). To determine the competencies I must resolve these questions: 1. What situations our teachers find themselves in an Elementary school context where written or spoken Japanese is needed or used? 2. What expectations the Japanese team teachers or schools have in regards to what their needs are regarding communication with our staff? 3. What expectations our teachers have and what they would like to know how to say, write or read? Data collection I propose three ways for data collection, which would be done concurrently 1. Diaries: British Council teachers in both elementary schools and JHS will note down situations and times when they needed Japanese or would have liked to know how to say something in Japanese. (Long, 2005) 2. Interviews with our team teachers and elementary teachers on what they would expect our teachers to be able to do or say. These interviews/ questionnaires might have to be done in Japanese. (Anderson, 1998) 3. Questionnaire or survey of what BC teachers would like to learn in a course (Hinkel, 2005) I believe that using three ways of data collection will bring me a fuller and more varied sample of information. This will also give me more access to the differing stakeholders. Research Plan 1. I propose first to identify current and leading ideas of needs analysis and data collection. 2. Then I will test and verify these methods using both native speakers and Japanese team teachers to create the diaries and questionairres. 3. From this data collection, I will write minimum guidelines for Japanese linguistic competency in Elementary schools. 4. With this, I will write and send out a diagnostic test based on these results. 5. Finally, I will collect authentic materials to use in a Japanese language course. Issues I realise that developing a Japanese language course falls outside of the TESOL area. However, I believe integration in the country or work atmosphere is an overlooked area of our work. I would also say that it falls under the area of Educational Management in TESOL and therefore I believe it is a valid area of study. Furthermore, data collection and analysis methods that I have covered in my reading for this module should be universal and apply to any language. I believe that by using native speakers for some of the actual needs analysis allows me to communicate with the students (in this case the BC teachers) in a way that can test or validate certain presumptions of language learning and needs analysis. Background Reading Anderson, G. and Arsenault, N. 1998. Fundamentals of Educational Research. London: Routledge Farmer. Graves, K. (Ed. ) 1996. Teachers as Course Developers. Cambridge: CUP. Hutchinson, T. and Waters, A. 1987. English for Specific Purposes: a learning centred approach. Cambridge CUP: Chapter 8. Nunan, D. 1992. Research Methods in Language Learning. Cambridge: CUP. Nunan, D. 1988. Syllabus Design, OUP. Skilbeck, M. 1982 Ã¢â¬Å"Three educational ideologiesÃ¢â¬ in T. Horton P. Raggat (eds) Challenge and Change in the Curriculum, Hodder Stoughton. Long, M. 2005. Second Language Needs Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Wallace, M. 1998. Action research for language teachers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Hinkel, Eli. (Ed. ) 2005. Handbook of research in second language teaching and learning. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Monday, January 20, 2020
Rugby is Better than Sex An imitation of Ã¢â¬Å"Surfing is better than sexÃ¢â¬ I USED TO LOOK AT THE SENIOR BOYS PLAYING Ã¢â¬ËTHAT ROUGHÃ¢â¬â¢ GAME rugby and just wonder at the courage that they possessed. Never in my mind did I see myself as a rugby player. It is true I was bigger than many of the people on the team but that did not mean I had half the courage. That was way back in my first years at Budo high school. Then one day, a rugger by the name of Yustus reached out to me. Ã¢â¬Å"KESAÃ¢â¬ , he called out my nickname. Ã¢â¬Å"You should try out rugby with us one of these daysÃ¢â¬ , he added. Rugby is a very small club sport at Lafayette and has a lot of challenges. During orientation, I accidentally met up with a team member called Mike who told me about Lafayette rugby. He told me that the team did not have a coach and Ã¢â¬Å"we are trying to get in as many freshmen as possibleÃ¢â¬ . I replied that I had a lot of experience, having played rugby for about 5 years, and I would love to join. When we had our first rugby meet, it was on a small quad in front of one of the nine fraternities. This quad was the antithesis of the real big fields I was used to; one could hardly run a forty-yard dash on it. Well, after a couple of weeks playing on the quad, we were able to head out to Metzgar fields. These are a set of fields for lacrosse, soccer, baseball, and football practice and there is also provision for rugby. In the middle of all other sports grounds, our rugby team found a somewhat full size field. The first engagement we had for the season was a home match against Lehigh University and this was one of best games for the entire season. We went into this game as the underdogs, but that did not inhibit my team from maneuvering well. We were not expected to win, so all we did is have fun giving Lehigh a decent challenge. On many occasions, I would run with the ball and stop just a couple of yards away from the goal line. My teammates were always there to support me whenever I went with the ball. I remember one time when a Lehigh player broke through the scrum and was heading towards our goal.
Sunday, January 12, 2020
I have a perfect family now.Ã Like all proud parents, I have my mother to thank for everything.Ã Unlike all proud parents, however, I have my mother to thank for showing me the perfect example of how not to be a parent.Ã This Ã¢â¬Å"motherÃ¢â¬ that I refer to of course is not my birth mother but rather my stepmother.Ã She was forever the bane in my life.Ã She is, however, the reason why I am a good parent and why I have always strived to become a good parent.Now that I have two children of my own, I realize just how important it is for their upbringing to have a solid family around to support them and parents who encourage instead of discourage.Ã I like to think of my own family as a Ã¢â¬Å"can doÃ¢â¬ family and not a Ã¢â¬Å"donÃ¢â¬â¢t do or elseÃ¢â¬ type of family.Ã I show my children the same love and affection that I received from my father and my birth mother and perhaps, I may even show my two children more love and affection because I know what i t feels like to live in fear and cower in terror.As I lay here recovering from my latest battle with my terror of a stepmother, I recall how I sensed it from the moment that I met her that we were never going to get along with each other.Ã While I did sense the animosity as our eyes met each other on that fateful day when I was but a child of six years old, I have never understood why my stepmother resented me so much.Ã There seemed to be nothing that I could do right.Ã This latest emotional battle that I and my stepmother had but a day ago has left me so drained.Ã It was not even a big deal. Ã It was only with regard to me wanting to speak to my father since I had not heard from him in a while and it soon heated up into full blown mud flinging.I was never this brave, for lack of better term, towards my stepmother.Ã I remember a time when I was six years old.Ã This was the same moment that I met her and I saw how she pretended to be very nice and kind towards my father and his family, meaning me and my siblings. From her mouth spouted all sorts of sweet nothings and words of praise and admiration for how fine a parent my father was and how lucky we all were to have a dad like him.Ã I heard from her the honeyed words of praise but saw deep in her eyes the petrifying glance of a medusa.Ã I was correct in my assumption as soon after my father left to attend to an errand and the monster that was lurking beneath began to emerge.The succubus who had seduced my father had now set her sights upon me, the only other woman in my fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s life and I was to be her next victim.Ã She pounced upon me swiftly and caught me off guard.Ã I was taken abrupt as she began to terrorize me and likening my appearance to that of various parts of the anatomy that I shall not mention.Ã To top it all off, she even dared call my own birth mother a woman of ill repute to whom I would most likely turn into.Ã Suffice it to say that from that moment on there would never be peace when my stepmother and I would meet.That moment in my childhood changed my life not only because from that point on I had somebody there to terrorize me but also because of the fact that it taught me a valuable lesson about parenting; never leave your children in the hands of a stranger even if other people trust them.Ã One can never be too cautious these days with all those veiled demons lurking and waiting for you to leave your children alone and then they pounce and harm and terrorize your children.Ã While that experience did turn me into a stronger person and a better parent, I firmly believe that my children do not have to undergo the same mental and emotional torture that I encountered in order to learn their lesson.It used to take me awhile to recover from the battles that me and my stepmother used to have.Ã There were times when I would be in shock for an entire month and would spend several days just hiding in my room and refusing to speak to anyone.Ã This type of experience is something best left in stories about monsters or evil stepmothers.Ã This is the reason why I have asked God to make me strong for my children and to give me a long life so that I can be there for them always to ensure that nobody will ever make my two children suffer.Ã I also ask that God make me a good mother so that I will always be able to provide for my children to keep them with me and keep them happy.Being God fearing, I felt that I could change the way my stepmother treated me by doing what Jesus told the apostle Peter and turn the other cheek.Ã Though my stepmother was a hypocrite, I tried my best to carry on a working, if not good, relationship with her.Ã I thought that my efforts had finally paid off when I heard that my stepmother had spoken to my other asking her in a very nice and friendly manner if she would be amenable to letting me stay with her.Ã She said that she would bring me to the United States and give me a life that was better than the one I currently had.Ã She could declare me as her daughter and then, together with my father, we could all go to the Ã¢â¬Å"Land of the FreeÃ¢â¬ .Ã I will never forget those exact words because those were the ironic words that she chose to use when she was explaining all of this to my birth mother.It did not take a lot of convincing to make my mom amenable to the idea and soon I found myself in my room preparing for that long trip to the Ã¢â¬Å"Land of the Free.Ã¢â¬ Ã As I packed the last of my belongings I heard my father telling my birth mother that everything would be alright and that she had nothing to worry about regarding my safety.Ã I was on my way to a better place and better life.Ã The thought made me smile yet little did I know that I this day would mark the end of one life and the beginning of another one, a life of fear, terror but ultimately happiness.My stepmother never intended for me to have that good life in the Ã¢â¬Å"Land of the Free.Ã¢â¬ Ã She had ulterior motives at that time and simply wanted to punish my mother by taking me away from her.Ã The reason for her vengeance was because I was born to my birth mother while my father was married to my stepmother.Ã Since my stepmother could not directly go against my birth mother for fear of incurring my fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s wrath, she turned to making me suffer.Ã She was convinced that I was to blame for all the trouble and anxiety that she was going through and she intended to make me feel what she was feeling and more.Of course at that time, all of these ulterior motives and malicious plans were beyond my comprehension.Ã As a little girl I always tried my best not to hate or resent her for anything that she did to me.Ã I always tried to do my best to make her feel good and happy with me and to ultimately make her feel proud and happy of me.Ã As I eventually learned, however, such a scenario was never meant to happen.Ã Instead, with every act of good that I attempted, I was to be chastised and embarrassed in front of strangers and treated like I was the lowest life form on this planet.If there is a lesson to be learned from all of this, it is probably that fear is a good teacher.Ã If it were not for the fear that my stepmother instilled in my heart, I would not probably be the good mother that I am now.Ã While it is arguably a terrible feeling that I always need to fear for the safety of my children, I always tell myself that one can never be too cautious.Another lesson that I learned from all of this happened when I was around 18 years of age.Ã Now, my father never had any idea of the abuses that I suffered at the hands of my stepmother.Ã He always assumed that we were happy that way and I kept it that way since I did not want to tell on my stepmother for fear of making my life worse than it already actually was.Ã It was early morning when one of lifeÃ¢â¬â¢s lessons hit me sma ck on the head.Ã I awoke to the fists of my stepmother on my face as she berated me for not attending to some of my chores.Ã Apparently I had neglected to make sure that the dishes in the kitchen were as clean and shiny as she wanted them to be.Ã My stepmother was determined to make me pay for such an oversight and took justice in her own hands and began pummeling me with her fists.For the first time in my life, I felt an intense hatred towards my stepmother.Ã Nobody has ever laid a hand on me.Ã Not in anger.Ã Not in frustration.Ã My father was never around to console me and help me cope with my situation since he had no idea that such an atrocity was being committed under the roof of his own house.Ã It was that day, however, that I decided that I would no longer put up with any of this and I decided to leave home.Ã It was the best decision to make at that time and the worst decision to make in hindsight as I left with some guy that I had recently just met .Things soon turned bad as I fell into a string of failed relationships but just as quickly my fortunes began to improve as I met good people during the times that I needed it the most.Ã These recollections pain me because as I traversed this journey called life and served my sentence I met other people; people who were good unlike my own stepmother.I ask myself sometimes whether I had done anything to deserve the treatment that was receiving from my stepmother.Ã I asked myself if I indeed was the cause of all her troubles.Ã I realize that I never really asked to be born into this world.Ã All children are supposed to come into this world as innocents but I entered this world pronounced guilty and destined to serve my sentence from the moment that I took my first breath.My birth mother has no idea what I have been through and I donÃ¢â¬â¢t intend to tell her about it.Ã I guess that it how things should be.Ã As a mother, I do not want to know that my own children ha ve suffered or been hurt.Ã I guess the warmth and glow that overcomes a mother as she first hugs her child is the reason for that.Ã I was born and I too have given birth.Ã I was born into this world a slave, a victim of a vengeful demon.Ã I have been emancipated by the birth of my own children and I know that when my time comes I will have enough good memories with my own children to last me till eternity.
Saturday, January 4, 2020
REASEARCH 1. Explain the issue. ANS: The issue of turning back the boat people is one of the most important and grossing issues from recent decades and Govt. of Australia has taken an undeniably secure stand on the issue of refugees who endeavour to land in Australia by watercraft (Hasmath McKenzie 2013). Some people says government should consider the needs of people coming by boat as they have reached here after risking their lives and facing a lot of difficulties but some says that these people donÃ¢â¬â¢t have any right to live in Australia as they came here with an illegal way. People against the boat people are mainly adult Australian as compared younger people (Laughland-Booy, Skrbis, Tranter 2014). The effect on the Australian mind has been critical, with half of people of Australia in general seeing this issue as more than or just as essential as different important issues e.g. education, etc. It is no big surprise then that the legislature is investing an exorbitant measure of time and cash on the matter (Shad 2012). 2. Define the key terms. ANS: BOAT PEOPLE A term utilized as a part of the media and somewhere else to portray shelter seekers who land by pontoon or endeavour to touch base by vessel without power to enter Australia. DIAC utilizes the term unapproved vessel landings or unlawful watercraft entries (Parliament of Australia 2012) ASYLUM SEEKERS Those individuals who have left their homeland or country because they have been persecuted onShow MoreRelatedAsylum Seekers And Australia s Coast Line Along With Discover1491 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesrules regarding the issues adjoining completely new arrivals of asylum searchers. 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It is strange how far you can see while in the middle of the ocean. The vastness of the ocean makes me realize how small and insignificant I truly am, but this doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t alarm me, the ocean sooths me, itÃ¢â¬â¢s so peaceful out here how can it not. Looking down into the deep dark depths of the ocean I wonder what secrets it holds, what stories it has, and who else may be on the ocean as I am wondering the same things. My mind begins to wond er, and I think back to how I ended up on this boat in theRead MoreAbe Lincoln Research Paper1734 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageswhich sometimes got people agitated but he was a very careful working man and knew that it was better if he took his time. Abraham Lincoln was not only the sixteenth President of the United States, he was also the man who helped bring the Union back together and helped abolish slavery. As one of the most well-known Americans the majority of Americans are aware that Abe Lincoln was born on February 12th, 1809. 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Friday, December 27, 2019
Set centuries apart, Arthur MilllerÃ¢â¬â¢s The Crucible and Katherine HoweÃ¢â¬â¢s Conversion, seem to reflect follow similar plot lines of rebellion, scandal, and sex. Both follow the lives of teenage girls who face similar problems despite the fact they are based centuries apart. The time of adolescence in a womanÃ¢â¬â¢s life is an extremely influential period when one either stands out as a dominant leader, or falls in line as a follower. Though The Crucible and Conversion are based over three hundred years apart, both focus on similar motifs regarding female adolescence including rebellious lust, and the desire for attention and oneÃ¢â¬â¢s individual identity. The theme of rebellious lust is prevalent in both The Crucible and Conversion through the forbidden relationships of Abigail Williams and John Proctor, and Emma and Tad Mitchell. This concept of young teenage girls inappropriately being involved with older men is highly emphasized and is a main point in both stories. In The Crucible, the time of trial faced by the people of Salem Village is started by an unholy affair between teenager, Abigail Williams, and unfaithful husband, John Proctor. The act of sexual intercourse out of wedlock is an act of rebellion on both their parts, especially in the strictly Puritan community the is Salem Village. The church views this act of lechery, adultery, and lying as horrid sins for which both John and Abigail hold responsibility and will face punishment. Abigail is rebelling against the religious